Introduction To Unitised Cargo
Unitised Cargo not only optimises planning of freight space on aircraft but also organises the distribution of freight in the cabin, so that the maximum amount of freight can be loaded into the plane, but within the weight limits. Air freight, today, is unthinkable without unit load devices and all airlines make use of this light weight equipment to organise and transport freight.
Unit Load Devices (ULD) come in two major categories:
- Containers (also known as cans or pods)
Containers, with or without contours, are, as the name suggests, closed devices with or without doors. The entrance is closed or secured by lockable doors, when used for valuable freight. When used for loading standard general cargo usually synthetic textile screens are used.
Pallets, on the other hand are flat devices with tie-down slots along the outer edges. Just as the containers, pallets are made from Aluminium and the inner area accommodates the freight while the outer edges serve to secure the freight. Slots are provided for the hooks to slide in and protect the load.
PMC 10 Ft Pallet ( 96 Inches Pallet)
PMCs are one of the most common, if not the most common, ULD used in unitised cargo loading, It is a very simple flat device with a narrow tie-down-slot array along the outer edges for attaching the straps or nets that secure the freight. Unlike the containers, where palletised freight might prove to have a disadvantage, PMC can be used for palletised freight, as there are no walls.
- IATA Certification : PMC
- FAA Certification : TSO-C90
- Outer Dimension : 318 cm x 244 cm
- Usable Area : 304 cm x 230 cm
- Maximum Permissible Gross Weight: 6804 Kg
- Aircraft : Airbus: A300 category (A330, A340, A380), Boeing: B747, B767, B777, MD: MD-11, DC : DC8 and DC10
Advice To Exporters
- Please use strong packaging.
- Waterproofing is not necessary, as a waterproof plastic sheet is spread on the pallet before loading. However extra protection is never a mistake
- If your consignments consist of several pieces, organise them on pallets with flat base strips. This will help the even distribution of weight. Pallets with chock (= feet) have a disadvantage. The weight of the freight is concentrated on a very small area, which can lead to violating the floor load tolerance levels (the amount of weight concentrated on a small area of the pallet.)
- Packages must be secure (air freight security regulations). No slits, openings or cracks are permitted (freight runs the risk of manipulation)
- Avoid overhangs on pallets. The freight should occupy only the inner area of the packaging pallet used.
- Freight forwarder or the airline will decide the device to be used.
Anybody needing help or advice to plan air freight Please get in touch using the contact form. However, consultation with your freight forwarder/air cargo agent cannot be stressed enough.
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