Unitised Cargo – 8: PLA Half Pallet

supath seo unitised cargo

Introduction To Unitised Cargo

Limitation in space calls for optimisation of freight through thorough organisation. However, since the shape of the freight room plays a major role,  unit load devices have a category called contour ULDs.  Unitised cargo means freight organised into specially manufactured containers or pallets, which may be with or without contours and are made  for main deck and/or lower deck loading.

Unitised cargo is extensively used by freight forwarders to consolidate freight. A large amount of freight destined for a single destination can be flown as one consolidation under one master air way bill. To keep all the consignments together, they can be loaded into a container or a pallet. When it comes to very heavy freight not too big in width a PLA half pallet can be used.

The Pallet Category

The PLA  is a heavy-duty half pallet, which can be loaded into both the decks. It is manufactured to withstand heavy loads and goes by the commonly used name of PLA or 60.4 inch pallet.Main deck contour loading is possible with this ULD. As is the case with PMC pallets, PLAs are also covered by a net after the loading is complete. Being a pallet, this ULD has no surrounding walls and the freight is secured to the tide-down-slots on the floor. The tie-down-slots are provided along the perimeter of the pallet, so that the net that goes over the freight load can be easily secured.Special PLWs with extra strong floor systems are available. Such PLAs are used for carrying heavy freight.

PLA 60.4 Inch Half Pallet

  • IATA Certification : PLA
  • FAA Certification : TSO-C90
  • Outer Dimension : 318 cm x 153 cm
  • Usable Area : 304 cm x 139 cm
  • Maximum Permissible Gross Weight: 3175 Kg
  • Aircraft : Airbus: A300 category (A330, A340, A380), Boeing: B747, B767, B777, MD: MD-11

 

 

supath seo unitised cargo air_cargo

747 lower deck. Courtesy: WIKI

Advice To Exporters

  • Strong and sturdy packaging is a must. Freight will be stacked, so your freight must be able to withstand the load
  • A waterproof lining is always a good idea.
  • Air freight regulations are strict. All openings or slits in the packaging is to be sealed. Else your freight will be classified as “vulnerable to manipulation”. That might mean extra charges for you.
  • Avoid overhangs on pallets. Limit the freight to the size of the pallet.
  • Freight forwarder or the airline will decide the device to be used.
  • Since freight loaded on unit load devices will be stacked, you should inform the freight forwarder in your SLI (Shipper’s Letter of Instructions) if your freight may not be stacked!
  • Freight handling is fast. To avoid your non-stackable freight from being stacked, you should use a “DO NOT STACK”  triangular prop on the top of your freight.

Resources Centre

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References for Air Cargo and Unit Load Devices

 

Air cargo – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Air Cargo is any property carried or to be carried in an aircraft. Air cargo comprises air freight, air express and airmail. Contents. [hide]. 1 Aircraft types; 2 History.

Air Cargo – IATA

Air cargo transports goods worth in excess of $6.4 trillion on an annual basis. This is approximately 35% of world trade by value. The sector itself generates …

 

 

 

Unitised Cargo – 7: PMC 10 Ft Pallet

supath seo unitised cargo

Introduction To Unitised Cargo

Unitised Cargo not only optimises planning of freight space on aircraft but also organises the distribution of freight in the cabin, so that the maximum amount of freight can be loaded into the plane, but within the weight limits.  Air freight, today, is unthinkable without unit load devices and all airlines make use of this light weight equipment to organise and transport freight.

Two Categories

Unit Load Devices (ULD) come in two major categories:

  • Containers (also known as cans or pods)
  • Pallets

Containers, with or without contours, are, as the name suggests, closed devices with or without doors. The entrance is closed or secured by lockable doors, when used for valuable freight. When used for loading standard general cargo usually synthetic textile screens are used.

Pallets, on the other hand are flat devices with tie-down slots along the outer edges. Just as the containers, pallets are made from Aluminium and the inner area accommodates the freight while the outer edges serve to secure the freight. Slots are provided for the hooks to slide in and protect the load.

PMC 10 Ft Pallet ( 96 Inches Pallet)

PMCs are one of the most common, if not the most common, ULD used in unitised cargo loading, It is a very simple flat device with a narrow tie-down-slot array along the outer edges for attaching the straps or nets that secure the freight. Unlike the containers, where palletised freight might prove to have a disadvantage, PMC can be used for palletised freight, as there are no walls.

  • IATA Certification : PMC
  • FAA Certification : TSO-C90
  • Outer Dimension : 318 cm x 244 cm
  • Usable Area : 304 cm x 230 cm
  • Maximum Permissible Gross Weight: 6804 Kg
  • Aircraft : Airbus: A300 category (A330, A340, A380), Boeing: B747, B767, B777, MD: MD-11, DC : DC8 and DC10

 

supath seo unitised cargo air_cargo

Courtesy: WIKI

Advice To Exporters

  • Please use strong packaging.
  • Waterproofing is not necessary, as a waterproof plastic sheet is spread on the pallet before loading. However extra protection is never a mistake
  • If your consignments consist of several pieces, organise them on pallets with flat base strips. This will help the even distribution of weight. Pallets with chock (= feet) have a disadvantage. The weight of the freight is concentrated on a very small area, which can lead to violating the floor load tolerance levels (the amount of weight concentrated on a small area of the pallet.)
  • Packages must be secure (air freight security regulations). No slits, openings or cracks  are permitted (freight runs the risk of manipulation)
  • Avoid overhangs on pallets. The freight should occupy only the inner area of the packaging pallet used.
  • Freight forwarder or the airline will decide the device to be used.

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Unitised Cargo – 5 AMH 10 Ft

supath seo unitised cargo

Introduction To Unitised Cargo

Since an aircraft is divided into two major sections called lower and main deck respectively, unit load devices have been developed for both the decks. Since the last few articles discussed the lower deck containers, the coming articles will discuss the main deck unitised cargo variety. The current article will consider the AMH 10 Ft container, which is restricted to main flight deck.

 

Main Deck On Freighter Aircraft

Air freight is required to move fast and for this all operations around freight handling must be fine tuned for speed. Perfectly time operations procedures and equipment are mandatory for the smooth functioning of freight movement in the airline world. Air freight containers and pallets give the organisational framework for the freight space logic, loading equipment provide the transition from warehouse dollies to the apron and the final movement of the organised freight into the aircraft. The flooring of the aircraft is constructed to help the equipment to slide into pre-determined position. Slots and tie-down points help fasten the containers to the floor to keep them from moving while taxiing, take off, flight manoeuvres  and while landing.

 

supath seo  unitised cargo main deck

Ball Mat Area :  Courtesy and ©  Airbus

 

 

supath seo unitised cargo freighter main deck

Courtesy and © Airtransport

 

 

AMH 10 Ft Container (restricted to main deck)

  • IATA Specification : AMH 10 Ft contour container
  • Maximum Load Volume : approx. 16.5 cbm (cubic meters)
  • Maximum Weight Tolerance (tie-down slots):907 Kg
  • Maximum hanging load : 2500 Kg
  • Inner Dimension : Length 306 cm x Width 230 cm x Height 240 cm
  • Maximum Permissible Payload: 6804 Kg
  • Aircraft : (wide body) MD-11F, B747F, B777F

Advice To Exporters

  • Packaging should be strong and secure. Protection against manipulation should be provided. This applies to all air freight consignments
  • If you have a lot of cargo, try using card board pallets to organise your freight (unless the weight of the consignment is too heavy)
  • No overhang on pallets. This will reduce the volume available by taking up more room
  • Inner packaging to be packaged tight (no wobbling of contents). Joints and slits to be sealed. Please inform the freight forwarder about any special handling requirements. If the consignment is valuable cargo, packaging should be able to withstand any kind of handling
  • Please note: the freight forwarder will decide whether to use a container or not! Leave the decision to the air cargo agent to take this decision
  • Freight forwarder will organise the freight in the best possible way. If the freight forwarder does not containerise the cargo, the airline will.
  • The details given here are only for your general information

 

A Word Of Caution On Main Deck Load

This section does not concern the AMH container. Please do not compare the main deck loading possibility of B777 to that of B747. Although B777 is more modern in comparison to B747, there is a structural difference to the contour of the aircraft inside!! Please let the freight forwarder and the loadmaster decide. The loadmaster can advise you about dismantling your large freight .

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A330F Main Deck Loading Procedure: Courtesy poor student for the video

References to air freight and unitised cargo

Air cargo – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Air Cargo is any property carried or to be carried in an aircraft. Air cargo comprises air freight, air express and airmail. Contents. [hide]. 1 Aircraft types; 2 History.

General Air Freight – Alaska Air Cargo – Alaska Airlines

General Air Freight is the lowest cost alternative for customers that do not have time-sensitive shipments and can wait for space available service.

Unitised Cargo – 3 AKW LD3-45 Val

supath seo unitised cargo

 

Introduction

Unitised cargo is used not only for general consolidation but also for specialised goods. In daily transport of commercial cargo, industrial goods and passenger luggage are carried in containers, as these ULDs (Unit Load Devices) provide an optimised method of organising freight in modules designed for usage in aircraft. Time management is a critical factor in the airline business and optimising handling, loading, reporting  etc is unavoidable. Unitised cargo is here to stay and is an invaluable help for all the airlines.

AKW LD3-45 Valuable Cargo Container

AKW LD3-45 Valuable Cargo Container is the same as the one described in Unitised Cargo -2 . The difference here is the modification done to the container to carry cargo having a very high value. In the codes used by airline such cargo is denoted by the term VAL

Such valuable cargo has to be transported in a highly secure way. Safety measures are given high priority for valuable cargo. At times, the consignment has to be insured at a high rate. The freight forwarder needs to take special precautions during transporting to the airline. The air way bill (AWB) has to show the cargo is valuable.

Cargo classified as VAL will be transported in an LD3 class, AKH container. The specifications are the same as that of the AKE-LD3 45

AKW LD3-45 Container (Air Freight Container)

  • Suitable for : cargo in cartons. Palletised cargo is not recommended. Valuable cargo will usually be secured with red sealing wax
  • Standard name : AKW LD3-45 . The term Valuable is added and the container can be locked and secured.
  • Synonyms : Pod, can
  • IATA Specification : Full width (AKE LD3-Lightweight is half width), double contoured (both sides with contour), narrow body  A320 family
  • Door Size : Width  142 cm x Height  103 cm
  • Maximum Load Volume : approx. 3.6 cbm (cubic meters)
  • Maximum Weight Tolerance (tie-down slots):907 Kg
  • Inner Dimension : Length 146 cm x Width 144 cm x Height 111 cm
  • Maximum Permissible Payload: 1134 Kg
  • Aircraft : Airbus A319,  A320 (short-haul aircraft )

Advice To Exporters

  • Use safe and secure packaging. Protection against manipulation should be included
  • If pallets are needed, please use, hard board pallets. Secure using straps (cross strapping)
  • No overhang on pallets
  • Inner packaging to be packaged tight (no wobbling of contents). Joints and slits to be sealed. Please inform the freight forwarder about any special handling requirements.
  • Insurance cover: A freight forwarder has to be given written instruction to provide your freight with insurance cover. Instruction on telephone alone will not suffice. A copy of the letter is to be filed. Do not forget to include your request for insurance on the SLI (Shipper’s Letter of Instructions)
  • Freight forwarder will need to know the value of the consignment (valuable content)
  • Certain valuable cargo will be picked up and transported using dedicated vehicles.

Resources Centre

Anybody needing help or advice to plan air freight Please get in touch using the contact form. However, consultation with your freight forwarder /air cargo agent cannot be stressed enough.

 

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Experts in the field: please point out any errors or changes. A feedback from readers will be highly appreciated. Please share your thoughts by commenting. Any recommendation on bettering the content is welcome and will be highly appreciated.

 

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This is not a VAL container. The video shows how the loading of a container into an aircraft is carried out.

 

Courtesy:  Super charged

 

References for Air Cargo and Unitised Cargo

Air Cargo – IATA

Air cargo transports goods worth in excess of $6.4 trillion on an annual basis. This is approximately 35% of world trade by value. The sector itself generates …

Air cargo tracking – track-trace

The air cargo tracking page lets you track air cargo for 176 airlines. A track-trace service.

Unitised Cargo – 2 AKH LD3-45

supath seo unitised cargo

Why Unitised Cargo

Although over the years aircraft design has improved, there are still space limitations that demand optimising freight space. There is a very limited amount of non-stretchable space on aircraft which calls for optimised plans for freight. Not every exporter is well-trained in preparing goods for air freight. The result is goods packaged in vulnerable materials, thus making both the packaging and the content prone to damage. Reused cartons can prove to be too weak to hold the contents in place, leading to spillage and resulting extra work for which there very lass time set aside in cargo planning.

Not all flights fly directly to the destination, thus making a landing at a transit airport to either refuel or to let the passengers to continue their journey on a connecting flight. This means the luggage need to be transferred within a short time frame without sending them on the wrong route.  Additionally, commercial freight travelling as belly freight has to be transferred, too. The limited time available to the staff, the large number of luggage and the amount of freight all need to be streamlined to cause as less delay as possible for the smooth functioning of flight schedules.

This is where unitised cargo proves its efficiency. Freight is not simply loaded on to an aircraft, but planned and arranged in s systematic way, which takes in safety of the freight and the flight, maximisation of the freight space and make freight transfer from cargo hold to the freight terminal or from aircraft to aircraft as smooth as possible

Short Haul Flights – Narrow Body Aircraft

The AKH LD3-45 air freight container is used in narrow body aircraft. Standard use is in Airbus short-haul planes A319, A320 and A321. Without going to technical details, we can have a look at the Airbus 320, which is commonly used in short-haul flight.

  • Forward Cargo Compartment ( 3 containers)
  • Aft Cargo compartment (4 containers)
  • Bulk Cargo Compartment ( only bulk cargo)

 AKH LD3-45 Container (Air Freight Container)

  • Suitable for : cargo in cartons. Palletised cargo is not recommended
  • Standard name : AKH LD3-45
  • Synonyms : Pod, can
  • IATA Specification : Full width (AKE LD3-Lightweight is half width), double contoured (both sides with contour), narrow body  A320 family
  • Door Size : Width  142 cm x Height  1403 cm
  • Maximum Load Volume : approx. 3.6 cbm (cubic meters)
  • Maximum Weight Tolerance (tie-down slots):907 Kg
  • Inner Dimension : Length 146 cm x Width 144 cm x Height 111 cm
  • Maximum Permissible Payload: 1134 Kg
  • Aircraft : Airbus A319,  A320 (short-haul aircraft )

Advice To Exporters

  • Use only cartons
  • If pallets are needed, please use, hard board pallets. Secure using straps (cross strapping)
  • No overhang on pallets
  • Inner packaging to be packaged tight (no wobbling of contents). Joints and slits to be sealed

Resources Centre

Anybody needing help or advice to plan air freight Please get in touch using the contact form.

 

Request

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Here is a beautiful video where you can the process of loading  A320

Courtesy: Nevix77