Unitised Cargo – 9: PLW Pallet With Extension

supath seo unitised cargo

Introduction To Unitised Cargo

Managing space, in an aircraft in the most optimised way is the central idea behind unitised cargo . Freight is  loaded into units (technical term: BUP = Built Up Units) that are loaded into particular positions in the plane. Every bit of available space is used in a mathematically precise way so that the maximum amount of permissible payload can be reached.

Consignors (also called shippers) are generally not  aware of the internal details of freight forwarding by air. Freight is made ready for export and once it is picked up, attention is paid only to when the consignment reaches the destination. However, a bit of knowledge of freight forwarding will help shippers plan their freight, thus helping themselves, the freight forwarders and the airlines.

Space, Volume and Optimisation

In comparison to a ship, an aircraft has very limited space and every bit of optimising is needed to fly the maximum amount of cargo but within the permissible limits. Thus packaging the freight will play a major role. Suggestions for the packaging is mentioned in a category of its own below.

Air freight price is applied to the volume taken up by the freight. Total gross weight and total volume are compared and the air freight rate is applied to whichever is the higher one. Consignments in cartons of standard sizes are helpful in planning the air cargo load. Air Freight pallets used in unitised cargo systems have an inner area for taking in the freight and an outer area with slots (and even rails) to secure the load.

PLW Pallet With Extensions

unitised cargo PLW pallet

 

 

The base construction is the same as the PLA pallet. Elevated extension wings  going outwards are the added feature that make this pallet appear different.The extension wings can carry a weight of 350 Kg .

  • IATA Certification : PLW
  • Outer Dimension : 318 cm x 153 cm
  • Usable Area : 304 cm x 139 cm
  • Extensions can carry : 350 Kg each
  • Maximum Permissible Gross Weight: 3175 Kg
  • Aircraft : Airbus: A300 category (A330, A340, A380), Boeing: B747, B777, MD: MD-11

Advice To Exporters

  • Use standard size strong cartons without any side slits (hand slots)
  • If cartons are not stackable. paste labels on the stop saying NO TOP LOAD. (Shipper’s Letter of Instruction MUST carry this information!)
  • Waterproofing is not necessary but is a good protection
  • If cartons are loaded on pallets, avoid overhang (freight should not be bigger than the carrying pallet)
  • Decisions on Unit Load Devices will be taken by freight forwarder or by the airline.

 

Courtesy: okrajoe

Why your freight needs to be packaged well!!! Not unitised cargo!

Courtesy: GLMGroupVideo

Resources Centre

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References: air freight

Air cargo – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Air cargo is any property carried or to be carried in an aircraft. Air cargo comprises air freight, air express and airmail. Contents. [hide]. 1 Aircraft types; 2 History.

General Air Freight – Alaska Air Cargo – Alaska Airlines

General Air Freight is the lowest cost alternative for customers that do not have time-sensitive shipments and can wait for space available service.

http://www.aircargonews.net/freighters-and-belly-world-conference.html

Hosted in Budapest by Air Cargo News, the 15th Freighters and Belly Cargo World Conference provides the ideal forum for industry debate on the key themes facing the industry.

http://www.aircargonews.net/news/single-view/news/china-southern-adds-ninth-freighter-four-more-to-come.html

China Southern Cargo has taken delivery of its ninth B777-200 freighter, in time for cargo demand created by the 2015 Chinese Spring Festival.

http://www.aircargonews.net/news/single-view/news/fokker-50-converted-freighter-ready-for-take-off.html

AircraftConversions has re-delivered the first converted full Fokker50Freighter to Amapola Flyg in Sweden, with the aircraft due to enter into full cargo operations next week

Unitised Cargo – 8: PLA Half Pallet

supath seo unitised cargo

Introduction To Unitised Cargo

Limitation in space calls for optimisation of freight through thorough organisation. However, since the shape of the freight room plays a major role,  unit load devices have a category called contour ULDs.  Unitised cargo means freight organised into specially manufactured containers or pallets, which may be with or without contours and are made  for main deck and/or lower deck loading.

Unitised cargo is extensively used by freight forwarders to consolidate freight. A large amount of freight destined for a single destination can be flown as one consolidation under one master air way bill. To keep all the consignments together, they can be loaded into a container or a pallet. When it comes to very heavy freight not too big in width a PLA half pallet can be used.

The Pallet Category

The PLA  is a heavy-duty half pallet, which can be loaded into both the decks. It is manufactured to withstand heavy loads and goes by the commonly used name of PLA or 60.4 inch pallet.Main deck contour loading is possible with this ULD. As is the case with PMC pallets, PLAs are also covered by a net after the loading is complete. Being a pallet, this ULD has no surrounding walls and the freight is secured to the tide-down-slots on the floor. The tie-down-slots are provided along the perimeter of the pallet, so that the net that goes over the freight load can be easily secured.Special PLWs with extra strong floor systems are available. Such PLAs are used for carrying heavy freight.

PLA 60.4 Inch Half Pallet

  • IATA Certification : PLA
  • FAA Certification : TSO-C90
  • Outer Dimension : 318 cm x 153 cm
  • Usable Area : 304 cm x 139 cm
  • Maximum Permissible Gross Weight: 3175 Kg
  • Aircraft : Airbus: A300 category (A330, A340, A380), Boeing: B747, B767, B777, MD: MD-11

 

 

supath seo unitised cargo air_cargo

747 lower deck. Courtesy: WIKI

Advice To Exporters

  • Strong and sturdy packaging is a must. Freight will be stacked, so your freight must be able to withstand the load
  • A waterproof lining is always a good idea.
  • Air freight regulations are strict. All openings or slits in the packaging is to be sealed. Else your freight will be classified as “vulnerable to manipulation”. That might mean extra charges for you.
  • Avoid overhangs on pallets. Limit the freight to the size of the pallet.
  • Freight forwarder or the airline will decide the device to be used.
  • Since freight loaded on unit load devices will be stacked, you should inform the freight forwarder in your SLI (Shipper’s Letter of Instructions) if your freight may not be stacked!
  • Freight handling is fast. To avoid your non-stackable freight from being stacked, you should use a “DO NOT STACK”  triangular prop on the top of your freight.

Resources Centre

Anybody needing help or advice to plan air freight Please get in touch using the contact form. However, consultation with your freight forwarder/air cargo agent cannot be stressed enough. 

Request

Experts in the field: please point out any errors or changes. A feedback from readers will be highly appreciated. Please share your thoughts by commenting. Any recommendation on bettering the content is welcome and will be highly appreciated.

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References for Air Cargo and Unit Load Devices

 

Air cargo – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Air Cargo is any property carried or to be carried in an aircraft. Air cargo comprises air freight, air express and airmail. Contents. [hide]. 1 Aircraft types; 2 History.

Air Cargo – IATA

Air cargo transports goods worth in excess of $6.4 trillion on an annual basis. This is approximately 35% of world trade by value. The sector itself generates …

 

 

 

Unitised Cargo – 6: AMJ 10 Ft

supath seo unitised cargo

Introduction To Unitised Cargo

Just as in the last article, this one, too, will deal with  unit load devices that have been developed for loading on the aircraft main deck. These containers or devices cannot be loaded into the belly area because of the size and like most of the lower deck containers, they have contours.  Aluminium is the material used in the manufacture, although new materials are being tested. AMJ 10 Ft container is a main deck loading device and is used on wide body aircraft ( MD-11, B747, B777). A tall and wide contoured container AMJ can be used for loading long and high freight. There are no doors and screens secured at the borders keep the contents safe.

Main Deck Construction

The article about AMH 10 Ft showed the construction of the main deck floor, especially the ball mat area. For easy reference the same images are being added here. The containers are guided along the prepared area to finally be arrested to their final position.  They locked in position to prevent any form of movement during taxiing, take off or landing procedures.

supath seo unitised cargo main deck

Ball Mat Area :  Courtesy and ©  Airbus

Shippers should, however, remember that although the containers are professionally loaded, the top of the freight  will always register a higher moment (laws of physics). Hence, the contents are to be packaged to prevent any free movement.

Air Cargo Size And Packaging

Questions have been asked about when a freighter may be needed. As a rule of thumb consider any freight over 160 cm in height to be main deck freight. On wide body aircraft (airbus 300, or B747, B767, B777, MD11 etc.) , any freight above 160 cm will be considered as main deck category. Hence, to give you more flight possibilities, it is always better to limit your freight to a height of maximum 160 cm.

A freight of 300 cm may be considered oversize (Any freight over 400 cm is oversize) but the width and the height matter. Hence, always consult your freight forwarder, who can advise you about the possibilities. Although freight is flown in containers; in this article here, in AMJ 10 Ft; no cargo that is not packaged will be accepted.

Since containers are made of aluminium, consignments should not have sharp edges. Unit Load Devices that show a certain amount of damage are not permitted to be used in air freight

AMH 10 Ft Container (Main Deck Loding Only)

  • IATA Specification : AMJ 10 Ft contour container
  • Maximum Load Volume : approx. 16.5 cbm (cubic meters)
  • Maximum Weight Tolerance (tie-down slots):907 Kg
  • Maximum Payload : 6804 Kg
  • Inner Dimension : Length 306 cm x Width 230 cm x Height 240 cm
  • Aircraft : (wide body) MD-11F, B747F, B777F

 

Advice To Exporters

  • Strong and wear resistant packaging. Protection against manipulation is mandatory for all air cargo
  • Please use card board pallets to organise your freight. Wooden pallets increase weight!
  • Make sure that there is no overhang on pallets. This will avoid increasing the used volume.
  • Inner packaging to be secured tightly  and  all openings  to be sealed. Please inform the freight forwarder about any special handling requirements (remember to affix the required labels such as FRAGILE, DO NOT THROW etc. If the consignment is valuable cargo, your freight forwarder will inform you of any special packaging needs.
  • It is the freight forwarder’s decision whether to use a container or not.
  • Optimising the cargo will be done either by the airline or by the freight forwarder. Various factors will determine the decision-making. Unitised Cargo is a point to be thought of, when you have a lot of freight packaged in cartons and especially when you have regular shipments.
  • The details given here are only to give you an idea of unitised cargo. You must consult your air cargo agent to find the best possible solution

Resources Centre

Anybody needing help or advice to plan air freight Please get in touch using the contact form. However, consultation with your freight forwarder /air cargo agent cannot be stressed enough.

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Experts in the field: please point out any errors or changes. A feedback from readers will be highly appreciated. Please share your thoughts by commenting. Any recommendation on bettering the content is welcome and will be highly appreciated.

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A330F Main Deck Loading Procedure: Courtesy poor student for the video

References to Air freight and Unitised Cargo

 

Korean Air Cargo – To be a respected leader in the world airline …

Tracking online and by e-mail, news, events, reservation system and FAQ. Information on the fleet and unit load devices.

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Unit_load_device

A unit load device (ULD) is a pallet or container used to load luggage, freight, and mail on wide-body aircraft and specific narrow-body aircraft.

Unitised Cargo – 4 AVA LD3 Val

supath seo unitised cargo

Introduction

The last article on unitised cargo was about the AKW LD3-45 . Commercial cargo and passenger luggage are transported using containers and pallets, as these ULDs (Unit Load Devices) provide a very good method of organising freight in modules designed for loading into aircraft. The staff involved in organising the movement of cargo at airport has only a limited time on their hands making time management a very high priority factor in their routine work. Unitised cargo gives them the possibility to manage that time, thereby helping the tight time schedules to be maintained well.

AVA LD3 Val Container

Just as the AKW LD3-45 the AVA LD3 can be used for transporting valuable cargo and possibility for locking the container is provided. AVA LD3 is also a contour container, which means that its construction on side corresponds to the contour of the aircraft. While AKW is used for narrow body aircraft the AVA is used in wide body planes and has slightly different dimensions. AVA containers are constructed to transport garments. This is the major difference when compared to the AKE container. AVA can be loaded into Airbus, Boeing and McDonnell Douglas aircraft (wide body)

AVA LD3 Val Container

  • Suitable for : cargo in cartons and garments. Palletised cargo is to be avoided. Valuable cargo : container can be locked
  • Standard name : AVA LD3 . The term Valuable is added, and the container can be locked and secured, which is a mandatory condition.
  • Synonyms : Pod, can
  • IATA Specification : AVA LD3 contour container
  • Door Size : Width  150 cm x Height  141 cm
  • Maximum Load Volume : approx. 4.3 cbm (cubic meters)
  • Maximum Weight Tolerance (tie-down slots):907 Kg
  • Inner Dimension : Length 146 cm x Width 144 cm x Height 160 cm
  • Maximum Permissible Payload: 1588 Kg
  • Aircraft : (wide body) Airbus: A330, A340 and A380 . McDonnell Douglas : MD 11 freighter . Boeing: B747, 767 and B777 (bother passenger and freighter)

Advice To Exporters

  • Packaging should be secure. Protection against manipulation should be provided (seal any opening)
  • If pallets are needed, please use, hard board pallets. Secure using straps (cross strapping). Straps should prevent cargo from moving on the pallets.
  • No overhang on pallets
  • Inner packaging to be packaged tight (no wobbling of contents). Joints and slits to be sealed. Please inform the freight forwarder about any special handling requirements. If the consignment is valuable cargo, packaging should be able to withstand any kind of handling
  • Insurance cover: A freight forwarder has to be given written instruction to provide your freight with insurance cover. Instruction on telephone alone will not suffice. A copy of the letter is to be filed. Do not forget to include your request for insurance on the SLI (Shipper’s Letter of Instructions). If freight is to return to the exporting country, please manage your customs papers! Your freight forwarder will inform you about actions to be taken.
  • Freight forwarder will need to know the value of the consignment (valuable content)
  • Certain valuable cargo will be picked up and transported using dedicated vehicles.

Resources Centre

Anybody needing help or advice to plan air freight Please get in touch using the contact form. However, consultation with your freight forwarder /air cargo agent cannot be stressed enough.

 

Request

Experts in the field: please point out any errors or changes. A feedback from readers will be highly appreciated. Please share your thoughts by commenting. Any recommendation on bettering the content is welcome and will be highly appreciated.

 

Contact

Your Name (required)

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Subject

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References for air cargo

Air Cargo – IATA

Air cargo transports goods worth in excess of $6.4 trillion on an annual basis. This is approximately 35% of world trade by value. The sector itself generates …

Air cargo tracking – track-trace

The air cargo tracking page lets you track air cargo for 176 airlines. A track-trace service.

Air cargo – Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Air Cargo is any property carried or to be carried in an aircraft. Air cargo comprises air freight, air express and airmail. Contents. [hide]. 1 Aircraft types; 2 History.

World Air Cargo Forecast – The Boeing Company

The Boeing Company issues the biennial World Air Cargo Forecast (WACF) to provide a comprehensive, up-to-date overview of the air cargo industry.

 

 

Unitised Cargo – 1 AKE LD3 Lightweight

supath seo unitised cargo

Prologue: For Whom Is This Article

Just as all the articles on this site, this article, too, is for the public and especially for companies that export large amount of small to medium amount freight. The article intends to give an idea of possibilities for transporting freight by flight in the most cost-effective way. If, as an exporter, you ship a large amount cartons or small pallets (American English: skids), this article will prove useful to you. Unnecessary text will be omitted to keep the practical usability of the article.

Introduction To Unitised Air Cargo Consolidation

Unitised Air Cargo is cargo management by using Unit Load Devices (ULD)  done either by the freight forwarder or by the airline. Freight is loaded into specially made containers built to fit into aircraft.  ULDs are also specific to aircraft and hence not all ULDs fit into every plane.  ULD Consolidation not only saves space but also reduces air freight costs.

Organising Freight Space

Although aircrafts are large, there is only limited room for freight and the shape of the fuselage brings in more limitation. Unitised cargo help to organise the pieces to an optimum. Freight forwarders handling a large amount of freight tend to use ULDs to manage not only the freight but also the cost. Since the competition is stiff, one has to optimise as much as one can to help bring down the cost and ULDs help in achieving both the goals in the best way

Flight Decks : LD And MD

The aircraft is divided into two main sections, the upper deck is called the main deck (or MD) and the second is lower deck (LD). On a passenger aircraft (freight forwarder or airline jargon is “PAX”), the passenger cabin is the main deck and the lower deck (also called belly) carries the luggage and freight.

AKE LD3 Lightweight Container

  • Suitable for : cargo in cartons. Palletised cargo will soon reduce the capacity as pallets are heavy.
  • Standard name : AKE LD3 Lightweight Container
  • Synonyms: Pod, can
  • IATA Specification : contoured, half-width
  • Door size :  Width 142 cm x Height 103 cm
  • Maximum Load volume : 3.6 cbm (cubic meters)
  • Maximum Weight Tolerance of the tie-down slots 907 Kg
  • Inner Dimension :  (Length x Width x Height) 146 cm  x 144 cm x 160 cm
  • Maximum Permissible Gross Weight (Payload) : 1588 Kg
  • Aircraft : Airbus (A330, A340, A380)  Boeing (B777, B747, B767), McDonnell Douglas (MD11)

Advice to Exporters

  • If you need to use pallets for transport a cargo of multiple cartons, please use cardboard pallets, as they are lightweight. Please avoid overhang (cartons extending beyond the contour of the pallets)
  • Use strong straps to bind the cartons to the pallet s (cross strapping) to prevent cartons from slipping of the pallet when the aircraft flies into a turbulence.( the base will remain stable, but the momentum on the top will be more)
  • Unitised cargo management optimises air freight. Packaging goods in cartons help airlines in managing the ever-growing amount of freight.

Resource Centre

If you need help with planning air freight for your exports, please send a request with your requirements. You will receive a feedback with what can be done.

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Experts in the field are requested to point out any errors . Thank you